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Eleftheria Square

  • Nicosia, Cyprus
  • 2005 – 2021
  • Nicosia Municipality
  • Under Construction
  • Open Area: 35300m2 Interior Area: 7175m2

Eleftheria Square constitutes a dramatic and historically significant ‘architectural intervention’ – an aspiration to reconnect the ancient city’s massive fortified Venetian walls and moat with the modern city beyond – a bold vision of coherence and continuity which can become a catalyst to unify the last divided capital of Europe.

In aspiring to create an urban plaza for the city of Nicosia, we found ourselves confronted with deep historical traditions and contradictions: the presence of massive Venetian fortifications, constructed to offer protection from invaders and effectively containing and separating ancient and modern cities; the ‘green line’ which divides two communities in this, the last divided capital of Europe.

Our concept constitutes an ‘architectural intervention’ – the creation of an urban plaza which forms the spearhead of a much broader and ambitious urban planning gesture. One that aspires to organize and synthesize the entire urban wall, surrounding moat and modern city fringes beyond within a unified whole.

In achieving this grand vision, the moat becomes a green belt – a ‘necklace’ which surrounds the Venetian fortifications, transformed into Nicosia’s main park – a focal point for rest and recreation, a venue for art exhibitions and installations containing both sculpture gardens and sports facilities.

Elevated and widened to increase circulation, the moat is accessed by bridging streets – new gateways to the inner city, free of traffic thanks to the use of subterranean car parks. The Venetian wall, restored to its former glory, flanked by palm-lined walkways and lit continuously by night, declares its presence and relevance to this new, unified Nicosia.


Zaha Hadid Architects


Zaha Hadid, Patrik Schumacher, Christos Passas

Project Director

Christos Passas

Competition Team

Christos Passas, Saffet Bekiroglu, Viviana Muscettola, Michele Pasca, Daniel Fiser, Ceyhun Baskin, Inanc Errey

Schematic Design Team

Stella Nikolakaki (Design Lead, Sevil Yazici (Design Lead), Sylvia Georgiadou, Takang Hsu, Phivos Skroumbelos (Landscape), Marilena Sophocleous (Landscape), Chrysi Fradelou

Design Development

Dimitris Akritopoulos (Design Lead), Bence Bap (Design Lead), Kwanphil Cho, Reza Esmaeeli, Chrysi Fradelou, Raul Forsoni, Thomas Frings, Jesús Garate, Irene Guerra, George Giokalas, Spyridon Kaprinis, Javier Ernesto-Lebie, Carlos Luna, Vincent Nowak, Anna Papachristoforou, Sophia Papageorgiou, Vivian Pashiali, Ivan Ucros Polley, Matthew Richardson, Michail Roidis, Hendrik Rupp, Andri Shialou, Vladimir Tschaly, Leo Alves, Megan Burke (Landscape), Eleni Mente (Landscape), David McDowell (Administration)

Project Supervision Team

Electra Mikellides, Dimitris Kolonis, Stella Nikolakaki, Vivian Pashiali, Christos Sazos, Nicos Yiatros, Christina Christodoulidou, Maria-Eleni Bali

On-Site Engineers

Eleni Loizou, Remos Achilleos

Engineering Consultants/ Structural Engineers

ASD Hyperstatic Engineering; Andros Achilleos (Principal Engineer), Michalis Allayiotis (Project Engineer)

MEP Engineers

UNEMEC, Nicosia; Lakis Pipis (Director in-charge), Panayiotis Ktorides (Mech. Engineer), Andreas Karayiannis and Trevor Colett (Directors, Chris MacFarlane, Kleovoulos Kasoulides, George Lerides, Costas Archaeos, Kypros Tziakouris (Electrical Engineers -supervision stage)


Kardorff Lichtplanung Ing., Berlin; Volker Kardorff (Principal)
Stefan Krauel (Project Designer)

Accessibility Consultants

DBA; David Bonnett, MTCW; Klelia Petridou

Traffic Consultants

Colin Buchanan; Andreas Markides (CEO), Colin Firth (Director)


Lekton, Cyprus; Andy Sphicas, The Concrete Center, UK, Beton Centrum, NL