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Eleftheria Square

  • Nicosia, Cyprus
  • 2005 – 2021
  • Nicosia Municipality
  • Under Construction
  • Open Area: 35300m2 Interior Area: 7175m2

Eleftheria Square constitutes a dramatic and historically significant ‘architectural intervention’ – an aspiration to reconnect the ancient city’s massive fortified Venetian walls and moat with the modern city beyond – a bold vision of coherence and continuity which can become a catalyst to unify the last divided capital of Europe.

In aspiring to create an urban plaza for the city of Nicosia, we found ourselves confronted with deep historical traditions and contradictions: the presence of massive Venetian fortifications, constructed to offer protection from invaders and effectively containing and separating ancient and modern cities; the ‘green line’ which divides two communities in this, the last divided capital of Europe.

Our concept constitutes an ‘architectural intervention’ – the creation of an urban plaza which forms the spearhead of a much broader and ambitious urban planning gesture. One that aspires to organize and synthesize the entire urban wall, surrounding moat and modern city fringes beyond within a unified whole.

In achieving this grand vision, the moat becomes a green belt – a ‘necklace’ which surrounds the Venetian fortifications, transformed into Nicosia’s main park – a focal point for rest and recreation, a venue for art exhibitions and installations containing both sculpture gardens and sports facilities.

Elevated and widened to increase circulation, the moat is accessed by bridging streets – new gateways to the inner city, free of traffic thanks to the use of subterranean car parks. The Venetian wall, restored to its former glory, flanked by palm-lined walkways and lit continuously by night, declares its presence and relevance to this new, unified Nicosia.


Zaha Hadid Architects


Zaha Hadid, Patrik Schumacher, Christos Passas

ZHA Competition Team

Christos Passas (Design Director), Saffet Bekiroglu, Viviana Muscettola, Michele Pasca di Magliano, Daniel Fiser, Ceyhun Baskin, Inanc Eray

ZHA Schematic Design Team

Stella Nikolakaki (Design Lead), Sevil Yazici (Design Lead), Sylvia Georgiadou, Takang Hsu, Phivos Skroumbelos and Marilena Sophocleus (Landscape), Chrysi Fradellou

ZHA Design Development

Dimitris Akritopoulos (Design Lead), Bence Pap (Design Lead), Kwanphil Cho, Reza Esmaeeli, Chrysi Fradellou, Raul Forsoni, Thomas Frings, Jesus Garate, Irene Guerra, George Giokalas, Spyridon Kaprinis, Javier Ernesto Lebie, Carlos Luna, Vincent Nowak, Anna Papachristoforou, Sophia Papageorgiou, Vivian Pashiali, Ivan Ucros Polley, Matthew Richardson, Michail Roidis, Hendrik Rupp, Andri Shalou, Vladimir Tchaly, Leo Alves, Megan Burke (Landscape), Eleni Mente (Landscape), David McDowell (Administration)

ZHA Project Supervision Team

Electra Mikelides, Dimitris Kolonis, Stella Nikolakaki, Vivian Pashiali, Christos Sazos, Nicos Yiatros, Christina Christodoulidou, Maria-Eleni Bali

On-site Engineers

Eleni Loizou, Remos Achilleos

Structural Engineers

ASD Hyperstatic Engineering; Limassol
Andros Achilleos (Principal Engineer), Michalis Allayiotis (Project Engineer)

MEP Engineers

UNEMEC, Nicosia;
Lakis Pipis (Director in-charge), Andreas Karayiannis and Trevor Colett (Directors), Chris MacFarlane, Kleovoulos Kasoulides, George Lerides, Kypros Tziakouris (Electrical Engineers -supervision stage) Kostas Archeos (Supervising Electrical Engineer) Panayiotis Ktorides (Mech. Engineer)


Kardorff Lichtplanung Ing., Berlin; Volker Kardorff (Principal), Stefan Krauel (Project Designer)

Accessibility Consultants

David Bonnett Associates; David Bonnett , MTCW; Klelia Petridou

Traffic Consultants

Colin Buchanan; Andreas Markides (CEO), Colin Firth (Director)

Project Management/ Coordination Team

Modinos and Vrahimis Associates, Saverios Vrahimis (Director), Anna Lyssandridou

Client Project Management Team

Agni Petridou (Project Coordinator), Maria Ioannou, Maria Georgiou, Foivos Tsappas, Georgiana Loizides


Lekton, Cyprus; Andy Sphicas, Soula Iacovidou
The Concrete Center, UK
Beton Centrum, NL