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Beijing New Airport Terminal Building

  • Client: Beijing New Airport Headquarters (BNAH)
  • Size: 313,000 sq.m
  • Capacity:
  • 72 million passengers per year
  • (630,000 flights/year on 4 runways)
  • Expanding to 100 million passengers annually

With the city’s existing airport at capacity, Beijing’s new international airport will serve the world’s fastest growing aviation sector. Initially accommodating 72 million passengers per year (630,000 flights each year on 4 runways), the new airport is designed for further expansion to accommodate 100 million passengers and 4 million tonnes of cargo annually.

The 313,000m2 new terminal building has been designed to be extremely user-focussed, efficient and adaptable for future growth; its 6-pier radial design gives exceptional convenience for passengers and flexibility in operations.

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The terminal’s compact design minimises distances between check-in and gate, as well as minimises distances between gates for transferring passengers. Every aircraft pier radiates directly from the terminal’s main central court where all passenger services and amenities are located, enabling passengers to simply walk the short distances to everywhere they need to go.

Evolving from principles within traditional Chinese architecture that organise interconnected spaces around a central courtyard, the terminal’s design guides all passengers seamlessly through the relevant departure, arrival or transfer zones towards the grand courtyard at its centre – a multi-layered meeting space at the very heart of the terminal.

Flowing parabolic folds within the terminal’s vaulted roof reach to the ground to support the structure and bring natural light within, directing all passengers towards the central courtyard.

Housing many aircraft gates in one terminal with a single passenger handling centre – rather than many smaller terminals and continuous inter-terminal shuttle trains – significantly reduces the carbon footprint of the airport throughout its construction and operational lifetime; helping to achieve the airport’s very high targets of environmental management and sustainability.

Designed to adapt to operate in many different configurations dependant on varying aircraft and passenger traffic throughout each day, the new airport will include an integrated transport centre offering direct links to Beijing city centre, local rail services and the national high-speed rail network, making the airport an important hub within Beijing’s growing transport network and a catalyst for economic development in Tianjin and Hebei Province.

Following the 2011 international competition, in October 2014 the Beijing New Airport Headquarters (BNAH) created a Joint Design Team bringing together ADP Ingeniérie (ADPI) and Zaha Hadid Architects’ group members Buro Happold, Mott Macdonald and EC Harris to collaborate on the optimised concept design for the new Beijing international airport terminal building. The project is led by the Local Design Institute under the leadership of BNAH.

Architect

Zaha Hadid Architects and ADP Ingeniérie (ADPI)

Design

Zaha Hadid and Patrik Schumacher

Project Director

Cristiano Ceccato, Charles Walker

Project Architect

Paulo Flores, Lydia Kim

Project Team

Uli Blum
Antonio Monserrat
Alberto Moletto
Sophie Davison
Carolina Lopez-Blanco
Shaun Farrell
Junyi Wang
Ermis Chalvatzis
Rafael Contreras
Michael Grau,
Fernando Poucell
Gerry Cruz
Filipa Gomez
Kyla Farrell
Natassa Lianou
Teoman Ayas
Peter Logan
Yun Zhang
Karoly Markos
Irene Guerra

Beijing Support Team

Satoshi Ohashi
Rita Lee
Yang Jingwen
Lillie Liu

Project Coordination

Eugene Leung
Shao-Wei Huang

Local Design Institute

BIAD (Beijing Institute of Architecture & Design) + CACC (China Airport Construction Company)

Consortium Team (Competition Stage)

Pascall + Watson, Buro Happold, Mott Macdonald, EC Harris Consultants: McKinsey & Company,
Dunnett Craven, Triagonal, Logplan, Sensing Places, SPADA